Stinging nettle plant care
The leaves are arranged in pairs and set opposite to one another. Each pair is arranged at 90 degrees to the previous pair. The nettle leaf is probably best known because its ability to sting. On the surface of the nettle leaf are many hair-like structures - see below. Each tube or trichome and its swollen base is filled with a cocktail of chemicals, which includes histamine, serotonin, formic acid and acetylcholine. The tip of the tube is easily broken, leaving a sharp point that can penetrate the skin delivering the concoction of chemicals, which result in the characteristic rash of a nettle sting.
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: HOW TO GROW STINGING NETTLE - GROW NETTLE FOR FERTILIZERContent:
- The PFAF Bookshop
- How To Harvest Nettle Without Getting Stung
- Robot or human?
- Stinging plants
- Stinging Nettle: Companion Plant and Medicinal Herb
- Stinging Nettle Extract EC
- Stinging Nettles
- Fermented stinging nettle tea, both treatment and fertilizer
- How To Grow And Use Stinging Nettle
The PFAF Bookshop
It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth. Urtica galeopsifolia.
They can also be dried for winter use. Nettles are a very valuable addition to the diet, they are a very nutritious food that is easily digested and is high in minerals especially iron and vitamins especially A and C [4, , ]. Only use young leaves see the notes above on toxicity and wear stout gloves when harvesting them to prevent being stung. Cooking the leaves, or thoroughly drying them, neutralizes the sting, rendering the leaf safe to eat[4, ].
The young shoots, harvested in the spring when 15 - 20cm long complete with the underground stem are very nice. Old leaves can be laxative. The plants are harvested commercially for extraction of the chlorophyll, which is used as a green colouring agent E in foods and medicines. A tea is made from the dried leaves, it is warming on a winters day[21, ]. A bland flavour, it can be added as a tonic to China tea.
The juice of the leaves, or a decoction of the herb, can be used as a rennet substitute in curdling plant milks. Nettle beer is brewed from the young shoots. References More on Edible Uses. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally. A tea made from the leaves has traditionally been used as a cleansing tonic and blood purifier so the plant is often used in the treatment of hay fever, arthritis, anaemia etc.
The whole plant is antiasthmatic, antidandruff, astringent, depurative, diuretic, galactogogue, haemostatic, hypoglycaemic and a stimulating tonic[4, 9, 21, 36, , ]. An infusion of the plant is very valuable in stemming internal bleeding, it is also used to treat anaemia, excessive menstruation, haemorrhoids, arthritis, rheumatism and skin complaints, especially eczema.
Externally, the plant is used to treat skin complaints, arthritic pain, gout, sciatica, neuralgia, haemorrhoids, hair problems etc. The fresh leaves of nettles have been rubbed or beaten onto the skin in the treatment of rheumatism etc.
This practice, called urtification, causes intense irritation to the skin as it is stung by the nettles. It is believed that this treatment works in two ways. Firstly, it acts as a counter-irritant, bringing more blood to the area to help remove the toxins that cause rheumatism. Secondly, the formic acid from the nettles is believed to have a beneficial effect upon the rheumatic joints. For medicinal purposes, the plant is best harvested in May or June as it is coming into flower and dried for later use[4, ].
This species merits further study for possible uses against kidney and urinary system ailments. The juice of the nettle can be used as an antidote to stings from the leaves and an infusion of the fresh leaves is healing and soothing as a lotion for burns. The root has been shown to have a beneficial effect upon enlarged prostate glands.
A homeopathic remedy is made from the leaves. It is used in the treatment of rheumatic gout, nettle rash and chickenpox, externally is applied to bruises. The German Commission E Monographs, a therapeutic guide to herbal medicine, approve Urtica dioica Stinging Nettle for rheumatic ailments internal use of leaf , irrigation therapy, for inflammatory disease of the lower urinary tract and prevention of kidney 'gravel' formation, urination difficulty from benign prostatic hyperplasia root see  for critics of commission E.
References More on Medicinal Uses. An important new book from PFAF. Read More. Used for making string and cloth[1, 4, 6, 13, 36], it also makes a good quality paper. It is harvested as the plant begins to die down in early autumn and is retted before the fibres are extracted[4, 99].
The fibre is produced in less abundance than from flax Linun usitatissimum and is also more difficult to extract. The plant matter left over after the fibres have been extracted are a good source of biomass and have been used in the manufacture of sugar, starch, protein and ethyl alcohol. An oil obtained from the seeds is used as an illuminant. An essential ingredient of 'QR' herbal compost activator. This is a dried and powdered mixture of several herbs that can be added to a compost heap in order to speed up bacterial activity and thus shorten the time needed to make the compost[K].
The leaves are also an excellent addition to the compost heap[12, 18, 20] and they can be soaked for 7 - 21 days in water to make a very nutritious liquid feed for plants. This liquid feed is both insect repellent and a good foliar feed[14, 18, 53]. The growing plant increases the essential oil content of other nearby plants, thus making them more resistant to insect pests[18, 20, 54].
Although many different species of insects feed on nettles, flies are repelled by the plant so a bunch of freshly cut stems has been used as a repellent in food cupboards. The juice of the plant, or a decoction formed by boiling the herb in a strong solution of salt, will curdle milks and thus acts as a rennet substitute. This same juice, if rubbed into small seams of leaky wooden tubs, will coagulate and make the tub watertight again. A hair wash is made from the infused leaves and this is used as a tonic and antidandruff treatment[, ].
A beautiful and permanent green dye is obtained from a decoction of the leaves and stems[4, ]. A yellow dye is obtained from the root when boiled with alum[4, ]. A dynamic accumulator gathering minerals or nutrients from the soil and storing them in a more bioavailable form - used as fertilizer or to improve mulch. References More on Other Uses.
Plants must be grown in a deep rich soil if good quality fibre is required[4, ]. Nettles are one of the most undervalued of economic plants. They have a wide range of uses, for food, medicines, fibres etc and are also a very important plant for wildlife. There are at least 30 species of insects that feed on it and the caterpillars of several lepidoptera species are dependant upon it for food. Especially when growing in rich soils, the plant can spread vigorously and is very difficult to eradicate.
It is said that cutting the plant down three times a year for three years will kill it. It is a good companion plant to grow in the orchard and amongst soft fruit[53, 54]. So long as it is not allowed to totally over-run the plants, it seems to improve the health of soft fruit that grows nearby and also to protect the fruit from birds, but it makes harvesting very difficult. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.
The plant is heat tolerant in zones 10 through 1. Plant Hardiness Zones show how well plants withstand cold winter temperatures. Plant Heat Zones show when plants would start suffering from the heat.
At this temperature, many plants begin to suffer physiological damage. Heat Zones range from 1 no heat days to 12 or more heat days. For example Heat Zone. For polyculture design as well as the above-ground architecture form - tree, shrub etc.
The plant growth habit is a runner spreading indefinitely by rhizomes or stolons . The root pattern is fibrous dividing into a large number of fine roots . The root pattern is rhizomatous with underground stems sending roots and shoots along their length .
Celsius Fahrenheit:. Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Seed - sow spring in a cold frame, only just covering the seed. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle, and plant them out in the summer. Division succeeds at almost any time in the growing season. Very easy, plant them straight out into their permanent positions. Right plant wrong place.
We are currently updating this section. Author L. For a list of references used on this page please go here A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. A few years ago I rooted stems by sticking cuttings taken in the spring in a jar of water in the window with indirect sunlight.
Roots formed at the end of the cutting rather quickly. I was delayed with sticking them in a growing medium and they eventually died off, so I do know about the viability of these rooted cuttings. If I remember correctly, the roots all formed at the base of the stem, right at the cut. I tried again later in the season with older, harder stems with no success. I will try again this spring with fresh shoots.
In Glasgow by the River Kelvin we have noticed nettles with stunted growth and white leaves and some purple discolouration. Does anyone know what causes this? I suffer from gout and a friend of mine told me to wip the affected area with stinging nettles Freeze dried Stinging Nettle capsules are a wonderful, fast acting and with no side effects for asthma and hayfever.
It acts very quickly, within a few minutes, to relieve itchy watery eyes and sneezing , stuffy noses. At last a no druggy feeling remedy for hayfever! I have lived in back pain for nearly ten years now,and seen several various doctors to no avail. My hips are out of place due to a fall and I live with constant muscle spasms. I tried rubbing on fresth stinging nettle and to my surprise it produces a great numbing effect and gives great relief for hours.
How To Harvest Nettle Without Getting Stung
It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth. Urtica galeopsifolia. They can also be dried for winter use. Nettles are a very valuable addition to the diet, they are a very nutritious food that is easily digested and is high in minerals especially iron and vitamins especially A and C [4, , ].
During the growing season I must carry out this involuntary action Stinging nettle is a hardy plant so as long as the pot is not made of.
Robot or human?
Those of us living in the Pacific Northwest and many other regions around the world are fortunate to be gifted every spring with an abundance of Stinging Nettle Urtica dioica. It also offers food, medicine and fiber if one knows how to properly harvest it. Fortunately stinging nettle has a distinctive look to it. The leaves and stem are vibrant green and pubescent hairy , sometimes with a hint of purple. The leaves have a characteristic heart shape to them with a small stem attaching the cleft or top of the heart to the central stem. The base or point of the heart aims away from the central stem. These clusters will soon go to seed and become slightly brown.
Plant Data Sheet. Urtica dioica. William S. Species common name, Latin name.
When I first started gardening, I absolutely hated stinging nettle.
Stinging Nettle: Companion Plant and Medicinal Herb
Nettles are an important source of food for butterflies such as the red admiral, peacock and small tortoiseshell and some humans like eating nettles too. Most of us though, are very wary of them and there stinging hairs that give a painful sting sometimes followed by a rash. Nettles can be a nuisanc e especially for unsuspecting children exploring the banks and hedgerows on a ramble in the countryside. Nearer to home nettles can quickly take over our gardens in a short space of time, especially with the current trend, to let our gardens go wild. Some gardeners especially those growing fruit and vegetables or in a garden where kids are playing may wish to keep them in check. So let's look at a few facts about nettles and how we can control them.
Stinging Nettle Extract EC
Almost everyone knows stinging nettle, and there is hardly anyone who does not sooner or later come in contact with their burning properties. Therefore, it is also often avoided. But due to its important medicinal properties the pant should have a place of honor in each garden. Most of the time, however, it gets this place itself, because it is very persistent and undemanding and grows almost everywhere it is allowed to grow. Other names: common nettle, stinging nettle although not all plants of this species sting , nettle leaf, nettle, stinger. Use as a medicinal herb: urinary complaints, irritable bladder, rheumatism, itching of the skin, gout. Both large and small stinging nettles have their origins in Central Europe.
Randomized controlled trial of nettle sting for treatment of base-of-thumb pain. J R Soc Med. ; Safarinejad MR. Urtica dioica for treatment of.
Urtica dioica , often known as common nettle , burn nettle , stinging nettle although not all plants of this species sting or nettle leaf , or just a nettle or stinger , is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae. Originally native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa,  it is now found worldwide, including New Zealand  and North America. The plant has a long history of use as a source for traditional medicine , food, tea, and textile raw material in ancient societies such as the Saxons.
Fermented stinging nettle tea, both treatment and fertilizerRELATED VIDEO: How To Make Nettle Fertiliser (Fertilizer) - Stinging Nettle Plant Food
For the latest on RHS Shows in , read more. Make a donation. This plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the many other types of pollinating insects. It is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts. Divided into 3 groups these lists, linked below, are maintained by a team of RHS staff and are reviewed annually. A herbaceous perennial with spreading roots and creeping horizontal stems able to form large, patches of upright stems, to 1.
The materials of commerce may originate from either species or hybrids or mixtures of the two.
How To Grow And Use Stinging Nettle
This versatile and popular herb has been utilized for centuries across the globe. It contains antioxidants like phenolic compounds, Vitamin E, and melatonin. And, based on data from the USDA, nettle leaf powder is probably one of the richest sources of minerals among edible plants! Its fibers can even be woven into a cloth that is as high in quality as flax- or hemp-based fabrics. If you want to enjoy nettle year-round, we offer a dried organic nettle leaf that is organically cultivated in the U. You can also find it in capsules , tinctures , and many of our herbal teas.
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